Source Daily requirement
Milk, whole grain cereal, vegetables egg Adults- 0.8 gm Teenager- 1.3-1.4 gm Children - 1.0-1.2 gm
|Builds bones and teeth, Muscle contraction, Normal heart rhythms. Nerve irritability, Activation of some enzymes.
||Retarded bone and teeth mineralization, Fragile bone, Stunted growth, Rickets, Titeny, Dental decay, Osteomalacia.
||Liver, Meat, egg, bread, cereals, legumes, green vegetables Men -10 mg Women - 12 Children - 1-1.5 mg
||Constituent of haemoglobin, myoglobin and oxidative enzymes cytochrome.
||Reduced haemoglobin, anaemia, loss of vigour.
||Iodized salt, seafood Adults -0.15-0.30 mg
||Constituent of thyroxin which regulates rate of energy exchange.
||Simple goiter with enlarged thyroid, cretinism.
||Milk, cheese, egg, meat, fish, fowl, legumes, whole grain cereals Adult -1.2 gm Children - 1.0 gm
||Builds bones and teeth, Buffer salts, Metabolism of fats and carbohydrate, Activates some enzymes, Transport of fatty acids.
||Poor mineralization of bones, poor growth rickets.
||Meat , fish, fowl, cereals, fruits vegetables required in minute quantity Adult -4 gm
||Intracellular fluid balance, Regulates heart rhythm and nervous and muscular irritability.
||Diabetic acidosis, adrenal tumours, muscular weakness, nausea, sterility.
||Table salt, meat, fish, milk, eggs, baking soda and baking powder Adult -5-15 gm
||Regulates osmotic pressure, Buffer salts, maintain water balance regulates muscle and nerve
||Loss of kidney function, fatigue, cramp, nausea.
||Table salt, meat milk, egg 0.5 gm
||Regulates osmotic pressure, constituent of gastric juice, maintain acid-base balance.
||Nausea, diarrhea, muscular cramp.
||Eggs, cheese, milk, meat minute quantity
||Constituent of hair and nails, insulin, glutathione, cartilage and melanin.
||Defective development of cartilage and depigmentation.
||Cereals, legumes meat, milk, 300gm
||Constituent of bones, teeth Activates enzymes in carbohydrate metabolism, Muscle and nerve irritability.
||Deformed bone and teeth, fatigue, cirrhosis, severe renal disease.
||Whole grain cereals legumes, meat, fish, green vegetables 0.3 mg per kg of body wt.
||Thyroxine formation, Formation of urea related to lipotropic activity of choline, essential for utilization of thiamine and metabolism of carbohydrate.
||Hampers thyroxine formation, Retardation in growth, fatigue.
||Liver, meat, legume, whole grain cereal 2 mg
||Absorption and metabolism if iron, normal haemoglobin synthesis, oxidation of thyrosine to melanin pigmentation metabolism of ascorbic acid.
||Deficiency leads to anaemia, related growth and depigmentation of skin.
||Seafood, liver, wheat, green vegtables 0.3 mg
||Effects transfer of CO2 for tissue to lung, constituent of digestive enymes for hydrolysis of proteins.
||Loss of vitality, retarded growth.
||structural component of vit B12 .
||Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia.
||Conversion of uric acid.
||Affects metabolism of uric acid .
||Fluorinated water, milk, egg, sea fish, 0.3-.0.5 mg
||For proper bone and teeth development .
||Faulty bone and teeth growth.